(740) 446-9221 grwa@galliah2o.com

Consumer Confidence Report

Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

April 2019
2018 DATA

Section 1:  Gallia County Rural Water Drinking Water Consumer Confidence Report For 2018

Section 2:  Introduction

We’re pleased to present to you this year’s Annual Water Quality Report. This report is designed to inform you about the water quality and services we deliver to you every day. Our goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water. We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water.

Gallia County Rural Water has prepared the following report to provide information to you, the consumer, on the quality of our drinking water.  Included within this report is general health information, water quality test results, how to participate in decisions concerning your drinking water and water system contacts.

Section 3:  Source Water Information

Our water source is groundwater from 9 wells located in Gallipolis and Addison Townships of Gallia County. The water is drawn from the Ohio River Valley Aquifer. The aquifer that supplies drinking water to the Gallia Rural Water Association’s #1Well Field has (according to the OEPA) a high susceptibility to contamination, as indicated by the fact that ground water contamination by volatile organic chemicals was detected in the raw water in the early 90’s.  Future contamination can possibly be avoided by implementing protective measures.

The aquifer that supplies drinking water to the Gallia Rural Water Association’s #2 Well Field has a moderate susceptibility to contamination, due to the sensitivity of the aquifer in which the wells are located and the existence of several potential contaminant sources within the protection zone.  This does not mean that this well field will become contaminated, only that conditions are such that the ground water could be impacted by potential contaminant sources.

More information is available by contacting Gallia Rural Water at (740) 446-9221.

Section 4:  What are sources of contamination to drinking water? 

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:  (A) Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife; (B) Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; (C) Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses; (D) Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban Strom water runoff, and septic systems; (E) Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, USEPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Federal Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).

 Section 5:  Who needs to take special precautions? 

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised persons, such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infection.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).

 Section 6:  About your drinking water.

The EPA requires regular sampling to ensure drinking water safety.  Gallia Rural Water conducted sampling for bacteria; lead; TTHM; synthetic organic; copper; fluoride; chlorine during 2018.  Samples were collected for a total of 7 different contaminants most of which were not detected in Gallia Rural Water’s water supply.  The Ohio EPA requires us to monitor for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.  Some of our data, though accurate, are more than one year old.

Section 7:  Monitoring & Reporting Violations & Enforcement Actions

Gallia County Rural Water did receive a monitoring violation for our 2017 CCR. That issue has been resolved.

Section 8:  Table of Detected Contaminants

 Gallia Rural Water Association routinely monitors for contaminants in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws. The table in section 8 shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st, 2018.

Listed below is information on those contaminants that were found in Gallia County Rural Water’s drinking water.


Contaminants (Units) MCLG MCL Level Found Range of Detections Violation Sample Year Typical Source of Contaminants

Fluoride (ppm)














Erosion of natural deposits; water additive which promotes strong teeth; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum Factories


Chlorine (ppm)














Water Additive used to Control Microbes


Inorganic Contaminants

Barium (ppm)














Discharge drilling wastes/metal refineries



















Nitrate (ppm)














Runoff from fertilizer use; erosion of natural deposits



Sulfate (ppm)














Naturally occurring in the environment


















Residual Disinfectants

TTHM (ppm)














By product of chlorine disinfection process


Lead and Copper
Contaminants (units) Action Level (AL) Individual Results over the AL 90% of test levels were less than Violation Year Sampled Typical source of Contaminants
Lead (ppb) 15 ppb              0           0        N      2018 Corrosion of household plumbing



__0__ out of _33__ samples were found to have lead levels in excess of the lead action level of 15 ppb.
Copper (ppm) 1.3 ppm 1         .348        N       2018 Corrosion of household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives


__1__ out of _33_ samples were found to have copper levels in excess of the copper action level of 1.3 ppm.

Section 9:  Turbidity

We do not test Turbidity.

Section 10:  Violations

We did not have any MCL, TT, filtration or disinfection (CT) violation or action level exceedance.

Section 11:  Nitrate Educational Information

Section 12:  Arsenic Educational Information

Section 13:  Lead Educational Information

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.  Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.  Gallia County Rural Water is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components.  When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

Section 14:  Cryptosporidium Information.

 Section 15:  Radon

 Section 16:  Ground Water Rule

 Section 17: Revised Total Coliform Rule (RTCR) Information

 All water systems were required to begin compliance with a new rule, the Revised Total Coliform Rule, on April 1, 2016. The new rule maintains the purpose to protect public health by ensuring the integrity of the drinking water distribution system and monitoring for the presence of total coliform bacteria, which includes E. coli bacteria. The U.S. EPA anticipates greater public health protection under the new rule, as it requires water systems that are vulnerable to microbial contamination to identify and fix problems. As a result, under the new rule there is no longer a maximum contaminant level violation for multiple total coliform detections. Instead, the new rule requires water systems that exceed a specified frequency of total coliform occurrences to conduct an assessment to determine if any significant deficiencies exist. If found, these must be corrected by the PWS.

 Section 18:  License to Operate (LTO) Status Information

 In 2018 we had an unconditioned license to operate our water system.

Section 19:  Public Notice

 Section 20:  Public Participation and Contact Information

 How do I participate in decisions concerning my drinking water?

You can participate in decisions regarding your water by attending a Board Meeting.

The board meets at 7:30 p.m. on the second Tuesday of each month at our business office.

We are located at 308 Burnett Road, Gallipolis, OH 45631. Any questions regarding the meetings contact:

Brent Bolin’s Office #740-446-9221


Email:  grwa@galliah2o.com

Section 21:  Definitions of some terms contained within this report.


  • Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.


  • Maximum Contaminant level (MCL): The highest level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.



  • Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL): The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.


  • Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG): The level of drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.


  • Action Level (AL): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.


  • Treatment Technique (TT): A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.


  • Contact Time (CT) means the mathematical product of a “residual disinfectant concentration” (C), which is determined before or at the first customer, and the corresponding “disinfectant contact time” (T).


  • Level 1 Assessment is a study of the water system to identify the potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system.


  • Level 2 Assessment is a very detailed study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why an E. coli MCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.



  • Parts per Million (ppm) or Milligrams per Liter (mg/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant. A part per million corresponds to one second in a little over 11.5 days.


  • Parts per Billion (ppb) or Micrograms per Liter (?g/L) are units of measure for concentration of a contaminant. A part per billion corresponds to one second in 31.7 years.


  • The “<” symbol: A symbol which means less than. A result of <5 means that the lowest level that could be detected was 5 and the contaminant in that sample was not detected.



                                                        Gallia Rural Water FACTS

We serve an estimated population of 21,000 in the five counties of Gallia, Jackson, Meigs, Lawrence, & Vinton.


Our Ohio EPA Class II Water Treatment Plant operates 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.


Our current License to Operate (LTO) is GREEN—unconditional LTO.


The average daily production in 2018 was 2.087 million gallons per day.


We have 19 booster pump stations and 34 tanks with a total storage capacity in excess of 6 million gallons.

Notice to Members

Section 4933.19 Ohio Revised Code

This code mandates that utility customers be advised on an annual basis of the consequences of tampering with or by-passing a metering device as set forth in Section 4933.18 of the Oh Revised Code.

Section 4933.18 Ohio Revised Code

No Person shall knowingly, without the utility’s consent, with intent to violate Section 4933.18, 4933.19 and 4933.22 of the Oh Revised Code: (A) Tamper with a gas, electric, steam or water meter, conduit or attachment of a utility that has been disconnected by the utility.

Section 4933.99 Ohio Revised Code

Penalties–Whoever violates Section 4933.18 and 4933.22 of the Oh Revised Code is guiltily of

tampering with utility equipment. Whoever violates these sections shall make restitution to the utility for the cost of repair or replacement of meters, conduits or attachments damaged and for the valve of the gas, electricity, steam or water consumed.

A misdemeanor of the first degree provides for

imprisonment of not more than six months and a fine of not more than $1,000.00.

A felony of the fourth degree under these codes

provides for a prison term or six months, 1 year or 18 months and a fine of not more than $2,500.00.


In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, religion, sex, a familial status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272(voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD).

If you have questions regarding this report, or any other matter regarding our drinking water, you may contact Brent Bolin, General Manager at (740) 446-9221.